交織性

交互作用

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交織性描述的是與社會性別、生理性別、族裔、年齡、社經地位、性向、地理位置等相關之歧視的重疊或是相交。

研究者與工程人員不該將社會性別視作獨立的。社會性別認同、常模以及關係同時形塑且被其他社會屬性所形塑(Buolamwini & Gebru, 2018)。

1989年時,法律學家Kimberlé Crenshaw創了交織性一詞,用以描述多樣的歧視、權力以及特權形式是如何交織於黑人女性的生命之中,而當性別歧視與種族歧視被分開討論時,此交織性又如何遭到抹煞(Crenshaw, 1989)。自此,交織性一詞便被延伸用以描述自結構性優勢與劣勢中浮現之壓迫與不公,其形塑個人或群體之經驗與社會機會的交織形式(Hankivsky, 2014; Collins & Bilge, 2016; McKinzie & Richards, 2019; Rice et al., 2019)。



 

參考資料

Buolamwini, J., & Gebru, T. (2018). Gender shades: Intersectional accuracy disparities in commercial gender classification. Proceedings of Machine Learning Research, 81, 77-91.

Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics, University of Chicago Legal Forum Vol. no. 1, 139-167.

Collins, P. H., & Bilge, S. (2020). Intersectionality. John Wiley & Sons.

Hankivsky, O. (2014). Intersectionality 101 (The Institute for Intersectionality Research & Policy, SFU).

McKinzie, A, Richards, P. (2019). An Argument for Context-Driven Intersectionality. Sociology Compass. 2019;13e12671.

Rice, C., Harrison, E., & Friedman, M. (2019). Doing Justice to Intersectionality in Research. Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies, 1532708619829779.

 

 

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